Learn about common health problems for beagles and how to avoid them

Learn about 9 common health problems for beagles and how to avoid them

 Being dog owners, it is our responsibility to take care of our four-legged friends. To help our Beagle live a healthy and happy life, we must have the necessary information about common health problems, their symptoms, and how to avoid them.

To provide reliable information, I consulted my local vet, and all potential health issues were suggested. This article provides only basic information on the topic. I do not constitute any pet medical advice, please consult a licensed veterinarian for pet medical advice.

Allergies

An allergy is a wrong reaction of the body's immune system to foreign substances. Allergies are common in all dog breeds. Allergies can be classified into three different categories: contact allergy, food allergy, and environmental allergy.

Contact Allergy

Contact allergy occurs when a Beagle comes into contact with something he is allergic to. Common signs of this type of allergy include excessive itching, loss of coat, and nasal discharge.

Dealing with contact sensitivity:

Your dog may be allergic to allergens stuck in your carpet. You can always change your entire home's carpet or use a HEPA-approved vacuum to clean all allergens from the carpet.

Another reason could be the chemical in the floor/carpet cleaner you are using. Try getting a hypoallergenic and odorless carpet cleaner.

A common cause of contact allergy is fleas. Beagles can be sensitive to flea saliva. Keep your dog away from unsanitary dog ​​parks.

Consult a veterinarian.

home treatment

Wash the beagle's paw every time it comes home from outside.

Wash your dog once a week with an anti-itch shampoo for oatmeal.

Use conditioner.

food allergy

Beagles can either be intolerant or sensitive to a particular food. Something to note is that in most cases, dogs are not allergic to the food, but it is one of the ingredients used in making this food.

Syndrome:

skin reaction

gastrointestinal reaction

Dealing with food allergy:

In most cases, food allergies are caused by commercial foods. Again, this does not mean that a beagle is allergic to commercial food. Instead, he is allergic to one of the ingredients used in making this commercial food. Flavoring, preservative, or ingredient fillers may be added. The best way to deal with it is to switch to a more premium brand.

You can even switch to a healthy home-cooked diet.

Talk to a vet about this.

environmental sensitivity

Some beagles tend to develop allergies due to seasonal changes in the environment. Ex: Allergies are usually caused in summer by pollen or weeds and in winter by dust mites when the house is closed and the flow of fresh air is reduced.

Some common symptoms:

dry cough

sneezing

breathing difficulties

snoring

Skin rash

itching, etc.

Dealing with environmental allergies

Try to keep the beagle indoors during high pollen days.

Wash the dog's paw when he returns home.

Get unscented dog wipes and wipe your dog's coat when he gets home.

Use a HEPA filter in your air conditioner.

In summer, when it's breezy, don't leave the windows open.

Wash bedding and curtains regularly.

Consult a veterinarian.

fleas

No matter how well you take care of your beagle, he will get fleas at least once in his life. Fleas can jump from one dog to another from a distance of 6 feet.

Syndrome

Itching is the most common flea symptom. Even the smallest fleas can cause your beagle to itch intensely. If you notice that your dog has started scratching his ears or any other part of the body a lot, your dog probably has fleas.

Coat loss: Few beagles may be allergic to flea saliva, which can cause further itching and damage to the coat.

You can try to look in areas that the beagle can't reach because of the itch, such as his back. If you notice little black dots, then my friend, your dog has fleas.

Dealing with fleas

Wash your dog with flea shampoo. Be sure to massage your dog with the shampoo so that it penetrates the coat to eliminate fleas, flea eggs, larvae, and pupae.

Use a fine-tipped flea comb before and after each bath.

Fleas also jump out of the dog's body in search of another meal. So if your dog has had fleas, they are all over your house. Wash everything you can in your home. Use the vacuum cleaner to vacuum it up from carpets, chairs, sofas, etc. Try sprinkling peppermint oil and clove extract around your house.

flea prevention

As the saying goes, "Prevention is better than cure." Prevention is the best way to deal with fleas. Bagels are an active bread and require daily walking and exercise. So it is recommended that beagles should be on flea prevention medication throughout the year. Flea prevention is more cost-effective than treating it.

When you take your Beagle outside for a walk or to the vet, apply an anti-flea spray. You can also use natural products consisting of clove extract and peppermint oil.

vomiting

Your dog may vomit just because he ate something wrong. However, vomiting can also be an indication of something more serious. Your dog may have swallowed something toxic or it could be an early sign of some disorder, in which case he will need medical attention ASAP.

sudden vomiting / acute vomiting

If your dog vomits unexpectedly without any previous health issues, this means severe vomiting. Usually, this is nothing serious, but just to be safe, have your dog checked out by your vet. Just remember that if severe vomiting occurs more than once in 72 hours, it may be a sign of a health problem.

How to prevent it:

The most common cause of acute vomiting is indigestion. If your dog eats grass or weeds, it will irritate his stomach and will vomit. So make sure your dog doesn't eat anything wrong. You can try putting the dog's muzzle on when you take your friend out for a walk.

limping

There are three main reasons a beagle can limp:

Reason 1: injured paw

A dog's paw injury is the most common cause of lameness. Just like humans, dogs can break their bones, twist their muscles, or tear their ligaments. If you notice your dog stumbling, the first thing you'll want to do is check his paws for any sign of injury, burns, or cuts. Sometimes, the cause could be a small stone or pebble stuck between the foot-pads, so be sure to check them out as well.

Cause 2: Knee or hip injury

There is a possibility of a slipped kneecap or hip dysplasia due to the dog's lameness.

Reason 3: Kidney infection

Kidney infection is another serious problem that may be causing your dog's lameness.

Limping may be a sign of some severe health concerns, so if you notice that your dog is limping, seek medical help as soon as possible.

worms

According to Dr. Jerry Klein, the chief veterinary officer at the AKC, worms can cause serious health problems if left untreated. The five most common types of worms are heartworms, roundworms, hookworms, tapeworms, and whipworms. Let's take a look at each of them and find out how to prevent them.

tapeworms

Tapeworms attach themselves to the dog's intestines. An adult tapeworm can be up to 20 inches in size. These worms absorb nutrients and can lead to stunted growth.

How do beagles get tapeworms: Beagles can get tapeworms by swallowing fleas as the fleas can contain tapeworm eggs.

How to spot them: These worms can sometimes be found in a beagle.

How to prevent it: Make sure you get rid of worms on a regular basis.

hookworms

Hookworms can be fatal if not treated in time. These worms can puncture blood vessels and suck blood. Severe hookworm infestation can cause 5-10% of your blood to be lost each day.

How do beagles get hookworms: A dog may become infected with hookworms if it ingests hookworm larvae, which can be found anywhere, sometimes even on the lawn. Puppies can also be born with this.

How to spot it: Few of the symptoms of hookworms are vomiting, diarrhea (black or bloody), loss of appetite, and weakness.

How to prevent it: Proper hygiene must be maintained. Beagle feces should not be left unattended in the yard. Keep your beagle well clean. Hookworms can pass from worker to worker, so keep your dog away from unclean dog parks. Take your dog for regular checkups.

Roundworms

Roundworms are 4 inches long, are white, and resemble cooked spaghetti. They live in the intestines of the dog and subsist on partially digested food.

How do beagles get roundworms: A puppy may be born with roundworms or it can become infected by drinking infected breast milk. A dog can get it by eating soil that can contain worm eggs.

How to spot it: At first, there are no signs of infection. Symptoms of a severe roundworm infection may include vomiting of the worms, a swollen stomach, and signs of pneumonia.

How to prevent it: Regular deworming is essential. Put a mask over your mouth when you take him out for a walk so he doesn't chew on the soil.

heartworms

Heartworms live inside the ventricle of the heart and nearby blood vessels. They can grow up to 14 inches and take over a dog's body. Heartworms are fatal if not treated in time.

How do beagles get heartworms: Beagles may get heartworms through the bites of infected mosquitoes.

How to spot it: Early signs include trouble breathing, weight loss, vomiting, cough, and weakness.

How to prevent it: There are heartworm prevention medications available.

ringworm

A ringworm is not really a worm but a type of fungus. These fungi live on the surface of the skin and live on dead skin tissue.

How do beagles get ringworm: Ringworm's are highly contagious. It is transmitted by direct contact with an infected person. This fungus can also infect humans.

How to spot them: In most cases, there will be visible bald spots on a dog's coat. If not treated, these spots can grow and lead to significant fur loss. If you notice something similar, take your dog to the vet immediately.

Prevention: Keep your dog clean and stay away from unsanitary dog ​​parks.

deworming schedule

Deworming regularly prevents most of these worms, so be sure not to miss the schedule. According to our local vet, puppies should be dewormed at 2, 4, 6, and 8 weeks of age, then at three and then four months of age, but it is recommended that you consult a vet for proper advice on the schedule.

epilepsy

The Beagle is one of the top 5 breeds most prone to epilepsy, which is why it is essential to have some basic understanding of epilepsy. A first epileptic seizure can usually occur between the ages of 1 and 3 years. Many beagles do well and live a high quality of life even after being diagnosed with epilepsy.

Epilepsy symptoms

The beagle will start to act strangely and seem unresponsive. In epileptic seizures, the mind momentarily freezes. The dog may shake, even drool, and make strange moments. He may fall to the ground and his body may stiffen.

Caring for a Beagle during a seizure

Don't panic if your dog has a seizure. Beagles are very sensitive to the mood of their owner, so your panic will scare them even more.

Make sure you comfort your beagle. Hold the beagle gently and try to calm him down.

Select the shift time. If the seizure lasts more than 3 minutes, your dog may have a high temperature. Put some wet towels on his neck, paws, and head.

Take your dog to a vet once his seizure is over.

Prevention: The most common form of epilepsy is primary epilepsy. The cause of this epilepsy is unknown. It is believed to be genetically transmitted. So we can do nothing to prevent it.

hip joint deformities

In hip dysplasia, the soft tissues that surround a puppy's joints begin to grow abnormally. The bones begin to move away from each other and do not hold together. As the puppy grows, the two bones lose contact with each other which causes a problem. Usually, the signs do not appear until the beagle reaches late adulthood.

Hip dysplasia symptoms

One leg may appear shorter than the other

The beagle may sway while walking.

Beagles may find it difficult to climb.

Underlying causes of hip dysplasia

Heredity plays an important role. If one of the parents has hip dysplasia, it is more likely to pass it on to the puppies.

Beagles who are overweight have a higher chance of developing hip dysplasia.

Excessive exercise at a younger age can also be a cause of hip dysplasia.

protection

Keep your beagle fit. Do not overfeed him and do not feed him. Provide the right nutrients and make your beagle work out daily.

If you have a Beagle puppy, make sure you don't over-exercise him.

arthritis

There are four types of arthritis: osteoarthritis, immune-mediated inflammation, infection, and idiopathic (unknown cause). The most common type of beagle arthritis is osteoarthritis, in which the beagle joint becomes inflamed and painful.

Syndrome:

Extreme laziness. The beagle doesn't want to do anything but wash his bed.

The beagle will show difficulty getting up or down. This is worst in the morning and may improve as the day goes on.

The dog may be sore and difficult for the owner to identify. Your dog may not want to move around much.

protection:

Maintain a healthy weight for your beagle.

Take a beagle for daily walks. Regular exercise is a must.

Try to keep the dog away from work that could cause injury. If your young dog is used to jumping off the couch or bed, put a dog staircase or ramp on the floor. Limit some actions such as high jumps.

bad breath

Beagles are cuddle beasts, and they love to lick our faces, so there's nothing more annoying than bad breath for a Beagle. Well, we don't expect a pleasant peppermint smell from a hound's mouth, but we do expect neutral, non-foul-smelling breath. Aside from being annoying, bad breath can be a sign of some serious dental concerns. Also, just to mention, it is usual for a beagle's breath to smell like its food. Let's take a look at some of the reasons behind bad breath for Beagle:

Causes of bad breath

Dental: The main causes behind bad breath are plaque, tartar, and infection of the teeth and can be a possible sign of undiagnosed dental problems. The most helpful thing you can do to prevent this is to brush your puppy's teeth daily. This will not only make your breath smell good but will also keep your teeth white.

Eating feces: If your breath smells like feces, he probably ate his own or another animal's feces. This is known as coprophagia. Consider it a behavioral problem and try to teach your dog not to.

Dental infection: A beagle may have eaten something strange that might have gotten stuck between his teeth or pierced his tongue and into his cheeks. This can lead to possible inflammation, making his breath smell foul. Take him to a vet and check his mouth.

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