Diseases affecting beagle dogs

Diseases affecting beagle dogs

 Not all Beagles will get some or all of these diseases, but it is important to remember when considering this breed.

Disc Disease: The spinal cord (medulla spinalis) is surrounded by the spinal column, and between the bones of the spine are intervertebral discs that act as shock absorbers and allow normal movement of the vertebrae. The intervertebral discs consist of two layers, an outer fibrous layer and an inner gelatinous layer. Disc disease occurs when the gelatinous inner layer protrudes into the spinal canal and presses against the spinal cord. Compression of the medulla spinalis can also be minimal and cause neck or back pain, or it is often severe and results in loss of sensation, paralysis and lack of bowel or bladder control. The damage caused by spinal compression could also be irreversible. Treatment depends on several factors, including location, severity and length of time between injury and treatment. Confinement of the dog could also be of some benefit, but surgery is usually required to relieve the pressure on the medulla spinalis. Surgery is not always successful.

Hip dysplasia: This is often a hereditary condition in which the femur does not fit snugly against the hip. Some dogs show pain and lameness in one or both hind legs, but others show no outward signs of discomfort. (An x-ray screening is the safest thanks to the diagnosis.) Either way, arthritis may develop because of the dog's age. Dogs with hip dysplasia should not be bred. So when you buy a puppy, ask the breeder for proof that the old dogs have been tested for hip dysplasia and cleared of problems.

Cherry Eye: This is often a condition where the gland protrudes from under the nictitating membrane and appears more like a cherry in the corner of attention. Your veterinarian may need to get rid of the gland.

Glaucoma: This is often a painful condition where the pressure in the eye becomes abnormally high. The eyes constantly produce and empty a fluid called aqueous humor, if the fluid does not drain properly, the pressure inside the attention increases, causing damage to the optic nerve and resulting in vision loss and blindness. There are two types. Primary glaucoma, which is hereditary, and secondary glaucoma can be the result of inflammation, tumor or injury. Glaucoma usually affects one eye first, which can be legible, watery, squinty and painful. A dilated pupil does not respond to light, which is why the front of the attention has a whitish, almost blue haze. Vision loss and eventually blindness will result, sometimes with treatment (surgery or medication, depending on the case).

Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA): this is often a degenerative eye disease that eventually leads to blindness due to loss of photoreceptors in the back of the attention. PRA is detectable in dogs years before signs of blindness appear. Fortunately, dogs can use their other senses to catch up with blindness, and a blind dog can live a full and happy life. Just don't make a habit of maneuvering furniture around. Reputable breeders have their dogs' eyes certified annually by an ophthalmology veterinarian and do not breed dogs with this disease.

Distichiasis: This condition occurs when another row of eyelashes (known as distichiasis) grows on the exocrine gland inside the dog's eye and protrudes along the lid stitch. This irritates the attention and you will notice your Aussie squinting or rubbing his eyes. Distichiasis is treated surgically by freezing the excess eyelashes with nitrogen and then removing them. This type of surgery is called compilation and is performed under general anesthesia.

Epilepsy: This is often a neurological condition that is often, but not always, inherited. Epilepsy can cause mild or severe seizures that show up as unusual behavior (e.g., running frantically as if being chased, staggering, or hiding) or perhaps by falling over, stiffening of the limbs, and unconsciousness. Seizures are scary to watch, but the long-term prognosis for dogs with idiopathic epilepsy is usually excellent. It is important that your dog see a veterinarian for a proper diagnosis (especially since seizures can have other causes) and treatment.

Hypothyroidism: Hypothyroidism can be a disease of the thyroid gland. It is thought to be responsible for conditions such as epilepsy, alopecia (hair loss), obesity, lethargy, hyperpigmentation, pyoderma, and other skin conditions. it is treated with medication and diet.

Beagle dwarfism: this is often a condition in which the dog is smaller than normal. This condition may or may not occur in the midst of other physical abnormalities, such as extremely short legs.

Chinese Beagle Syndrome (CBS): this is a condition often characterized by a good skull and slanted eyes. The dog otherwise grows normally. Very often dogs with CBS have heart problems and toe abnormalities.

Patellar luxation: this is a standard problem in small dogs and is also known as "knee bend". It is caused when the patella, which is made up of three parts - femur (thigh bone), kneecap (patella) and tibia (shin bone) - is not properly aligned. This results in lameness in the leg or an abnormal gait, a type of skip or jump. It is a condition that is present at birth, although the particular misalignment or luxation does not occur until much later. The rubbing caused by patellar luxation can cause arthritis, a degenerative joint disease. There are four degrees of patellar luxation, ranging from grade I, an occasional luxation that causes temporary lameness in the joint, to grade IV, in which the rotation of the tibia is severe and therefore the patella cannot be manually realigned. Severe degrees of patellar luxation may require surgical repair.

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